the central text of rabbinic judaism, and the primary source of jewish religious law and theosophy.why: because it contains the oral tradition of the rabbis (the mishnah and the gemara) which is considered the basis of all rabbinic thought and commentary on the torah.when: talmud was written between the 3rd and 5th centuries CE.where: Babylon (modern-day Iraq) and Israel.
Other related questions:
What is the Talmud also known as?
The Talmud is also known as the Oral Law.
What is the second most important book in Judaism?
The Talmud is the second most important book in Judaism.
What are the two most important groups of books in Judaism?
The two most important groups of books in Judaism are the Tanakh and the Talmud.
What is the second part of the Talmud?
The Talmud is a compilation of Jewish oral law and tradition. The second part of the Talmud, known as the Gemara, consists of commentaries and discussions on the Mishnah, the first part of the Talmud.